11/07/1996 · Europe: The Grand Illusion

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A Grand Illusion?: An Essay on Europe by Tony Judt

At only 114 minutes, Grande Illusion accomplishes so much more of substance than the hour-longer The Great Escape, that it's almost laughable when it effortlessly covers in two effective scenes some of the exact same escape tactics aped at length in the later Hollywood film. However, what really defines and elevates Renoir's movie is its focus on the men in the prison and how the bonds that are built through their shared experiences — even between enemies — trump the superficial bonds of class & race that seemed so important before.

04/08/2015 · A Grand Illusion

A Grand Illusion?: An Essay on Europe on JSTOR

[] In a September 11, 2008 , Sam Parnia announced the launch of a long-term multicenter study of veridical paranormal perception during NDEs following the successful completion of an 18-month pilot study at select hospitals in the United Kingdom. In what Parnia has dubbed the , target identification experiments will be carried out in the coronary care units, emergency rooms, and intensive care units of medical centers across the United States, Canada, and Europe for the next three years. During that timeframe, about 15,000 patients suffering cardiac arrest are expected to be admitted to these centers, 1500 of whom are expected to be resuscitated. Based on previous studies of NDE frequency among cardiac arrest survivors, near-death researchers anticipate that between 150 and 300 of these patients will report NDEs. The AWARE study is designed to find out whether or not any of these NDErs will be able to accurately report the complex images that appear as hidden visual targets visible only from the ceiling. Parnia explicitly states that the purpose of the study is to "settle this debate once and for all" (Taylor 24), adding that "if no one sees the pictures, it shows these experiences are illusions or false memories" (Dreaper). The study has been encouraged by both of and believers in a survivalist interpretation of NDEs.

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The rhetoric pervading Tart's account implies that scientism or dogmatic materialism is the only obstacle to accepting a survivalist interpretation of NDEs. But this is simply not the case. First, it is crucially important to note that one could have good reasons for disbelieving that NDEs are visions of an afterlife . For instance, this essay has actually presented data which suggests that NDEs are glimpses of another world after death. One need not have any commitment to materialism—dogmatic or otherwise—to doubt that genuine glimpses of an afterlife would involve train rides, false out-of-body perceptions, or encounters with living persons, fictional characters, and mythological creatures. It is entirely possible that an afterlife exists but that NDEs are not glimpses of it—a view similar to the Buddhist belief that the dying pass through several illusory bardo states generated by their own minds before entering the 'real' afterlife (Fox 94-96).

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A Grand Illusion? : An Essay on Europe - Book Depository

Tony Judt (British and American, born 2 January 1948 - died 6 August 2010) was a historian and essayist who taught and wrote on European history. He was Director of New York University's Erich Maria Remarque Institute and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of its British counterpart, the British Academy.

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As Michael Sabom recounts in , in August 1991 a then 35-year-old woman he called "Pam Reynolds" (a pseudonym) underwent an innovative procedure to remove a brain aneurysm. The procedure—inducing hypothermic cardiac arrest or "standstill"—involved lowering Pam's body temperature to 60°F, stopping her heart and breathing, and draining the blood from her brain to cool it and then reintroduce it. When her body temperature had reached 60°F and she had no electrical activity in her brain, her aneurysm was removed. About 2 hours after awaking from general anesthesia, Pam was moved into the recovery room still intubated (Sabom, "Light" 46-47). At some point after that, the tube was removed from her trachea and she was able to speak. She reported a classic NDE with a vivid OBE, moving through a "tunnel vortex" toward a "pinpoint of light" that continually grew larger, hearing her deceased grandmother's voice, encountering figures in a bright light, encountering deceased relatives who gave her "something sparkly" to eat, and being 'returned' to her body by her deceased uncle (Sabom, "Light" 42-46).

La Grande Illusion (also known as Grand Illusion) ..

The phenomenology of electrically stimulated "OBEs of neurological origin" is clearly distinct from that of spontaneous OBEs. Unlike most spontaneous OBEs, electrical stimulation of the brain tends to produce OBEs in which patients perceive only of their bodies from above and perceive clearly illusory and of those parts, where patients do not see the environment surrounding their bodies, and in which the experience lacks the , , and characteristic of spontaneous OBEs (Holden, Long, and MacLurg 102-103; Neppe 89-90). Moreover, spontaneous OBEs seem just as likely to occur in unconscious subjects as conscious ones, but if electrically stimulated OBEs depend upon a conflict between information from the vestibular and visual senses, electrically stimulated OBErs would evidently need to be conscious and perceiving their surroundings with open eyes. And Frank Tong observed that for Blanke's patient "stimulation applied while the patient's eyes were closed elicited reports of shifts in perceived body position but failed to elicit out-of-body experiences" (Tong 105).