PANTOUM: A variant spelling of pantun (see below).

The one red leaf, the last of its clan That dances as often as dance it can.

PICKUP SYLLABLE: Another term for the unstressed syllable in .

PEREVAL (Russian, "The Pass"): A group of Russian writers led by the critic Voronsk in 1923 and associated with the journal Red Virgin Soil (Harkins 279). This group of writers opposed the concept of enforced "proletarian literature" and the oppression of Communist conformity on writers--but the Russian authorities dissolved the group in 1932 and forced its members to merge with the Union of Soviet Writers (Harkins 279-80).

PERIPHRASE: See discussion under . Not to be confused with paraphrase.

PRAENOMEN (plural, praenomina): See discussion under .

PARABASIS (Greek, "stepping forward" or "going aside"): A moment at the end of a Greek tragedy in which the chorus would remove their masks and step forward to address the audience directly in speech rather than song. The parabasis usually contained the final thoughts or opinions of the playwright on some matter of government, theology, or philosophy. The concluding words of the chorus in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex serve as one example.

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In Hebrew writings, early readers probably saw the passage as a mere narrative to explain humanity's herptophobias, but early in the Christian tradition, New Testament thinkers sought to reconcile the Old Testament and the New Testament. Accordingly, the author of Romans 16:20 interpreted the "seed of the woman" as being the offspring of the Virgin Mary (Christ). Several Church fathers such as Justin Martyr and Irenaeus elaborated upon the passage, treating the "bruising of thy heel" as the act of crucifixion, and so forth. The idea of the protevangelium becomes part of Milton's Paradise Lost, in which the fallen angel Lucifer literally transforms into a serpent to strike at Christ's creation, but the Archangel Michael explains to Adam how God, through mysterious providence, will allow the offspring of Eve in the form of Christ to crush the serpent eventually. See Book XII, lines 380 et passim of Milton's Paradise Lost.

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Christian Symbolism in Beowulf Essay examples

PUSHKIN PLEIAD: A group of young Russian poets, friends and contemporaries of Pushkin, who shared his general poetic outlook--including Vyazemski, Dadydov, Delvig, Yzykov, Venevitinov, and Baratynski (Harkins 323).

The Symbolism in Beowulf Essay -- Christianity, Good, Evil

PROTEVANGELIUM: Also called the protoevangelium, proto-evangelium, or protoevangelion, the term in Protestant theology refers to the idea that the Book of Genesis contains a prophecy or a foreshadowing of how Christ will provide salvation to the penitent. More specifically, it refers to the last section of Genesis 3:15, in which God curses the serpent by asserting, "And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head and thou shalt bruise his heel," a phrase that makes use of in the word "bruise."

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PROLIXITY: A type of wordiness or characterized by unnecessary rambling or excessive detail, as Shipley puts it (429). A writer or speaker who has this tendency is said to be prolix. See dicussion under .

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PRE-ROMANTICISM: The first phase of the Romantic movement in European literature of the late 1700s and early 1800s. Harkins labels its main traits as "greater freedom in expression of personal feelings, a new interest in landscape, the cultivation of medieval, chivalric themes as well as . . . the supernatural, and the melancholy mood of 'graveyard' poetry" (309). See for further details.

Symbolism in Beowulf Essay - 575 Words - StudyMode

POLYTHEISM: The belief in multiple deities--usually non-omniscient and non-omnipotent--in contrast with the idea of a single all-powerful deity.