Kant transcendental analytic summary essay - …
The received view is that Kant’s moral philosophy is adeontological normative theory at least to this extent: it denies thatright and wrong are in some way or other functions of goodness orbadness. It denies, in other words, the central claim of teleologicalmoral views. For instance, act consequentialism is one sort ofteleological theory. It asserts that the right action is that actionof all the alternatives available to the agent that has the bestoverall outcome. Here, the goodness of the outcome determines therightness of an action. Another sort of teleological theory mightfocus instead on character traits. “Virtue ethics” assertsthat a right action in any given circumstance is that action avirtuous person does or would perform in those circumstances. In thiscase, it is the goodness of the character of the person who does orwould perform it that determines the rightness of an action. In bothcases, as it were, the source or ground of rightness is goodness. AndKant’s own views have typically been classified as deontologicalprecisely because they have seemed to reverse this priority and denyjust what such theories assert. Rightness, on the standard reading ofKant, is not grounded in the value of outcomes or character.
Kant essay enlightenment | mughgrabinerisarybnaicolbicirc
But as "nebulous stars," , Kant did distinguish the species, quoting Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (16981759), as their presenting "the figure of ellipses more or less open " .
Kant distinguishes between virtue, which is strength of will to doone’s duty from duty, and particular virtues, which arecommitments to particular moral ends that we are morally required toadopt. Among the virtues Kant discusses are those of self-respect,honesty, thrift, self-improvement, beneficence, gratitude,sociability, and forgiveness. Kant also distinguishes vice, which is asteadfast commitment to immorality, from particular vices, whichinvolve refusing to adopt specific moral ends or committing to actagainst those ends. For example, malice, lust, gluttony, greed,laziness, vengefulness, envy, servility, contempt and arrogance areall vices in Kant’s normative ethical theory.
Immanuel Kant - Philosophy Pages
Second and more importantly, Kant in fact held that we dohave knowledge of the mind as it is. In particular, we know that it hasforms of intuition in which it must locate things spatially andtemporally, that it must synthesize the raw manifold of intuition inthree ways, that its consciousness must be unified, and so on —all the aspects of the model examined above.
Immanuel Kant - Friesian School
The remarks just noted about ‘bare consciousness’ and soon by no means exhaust the concerns that can be raised about Kant andwhat we can know about the mind. His official view has to be: nothing— about the mind's structure and what it is composed of, at anyrate, we can know nothing. As we have seen, Kant not only maintainedthis but did some ingenious wiggling to account for the apparentcounter-evidence. But that is not the end of the story, for tworeasons.
Kant, Immanuel | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
I think that Kant is better off without the "alone"; for if he really means that "the representation alone must make the object possible," this would mean that, apart from the representation, there are necessary conditions for the presence of an object.
Kant's Moral Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of …
Since, on Kant's view, it is not just identifying properties but anyproperties of oneself whatsoever that one does not need to know inorder to refer to oneself as oneself, ‘non-ascriptive referenceto self’ might capture what is special about this form ofconsciousness of self better than Shoemaker's ‘self-referencewithout identification’.
Aims and Methods of Moral Philosophy
And, perhaps, one should risk the hypothesis that this is what changes with the Kantian philosophical revolution: in the pre-Kantian universe, humans were simply humans, beings of reason, fighting the excesses of animal lusts and divine madness, while with Kant, the excess to be fought is immanent and concerns the very core of subjectivity itself.